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The Andaman Islands water monitor, V. s. andamanensis, is found on the Andaman Islands; the type locality is Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Malayan water monitor lizards may have adapted well to the ecological wasteland of oil palm plantations, but in the end they, too, may be doomed. Out of stock. Fig 5 : Tracks on a beach at Sentosa, Singapore. Kids & Family A swim in the garden brings Leo and Hero up close and personal with a Malayan water monitor. Please post your images to our Thai Biodiversity Survey & Species ID group on Facebook. where it may sometimes be seen feasting on roadkill. Water Monitor/ Common Water Monitor/ Monitor Lizard Varanus salvator (Laurenti, 1768) Note: Photos by Wong Li Jing (Crystal) taken at Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Singapore, and individuals photographed are of the subspecies Varanus salvator macromaculatus (Malayan Water Monitor or Southeast Asian Water Monitor), unless otherwise stated. The Smooth Otter is another fierce predator. The origin of this offensive meaning can be traced back to a time when more people lived in rural areas in close proximity to monitor lizards. It was described by Laurenti in 1768 and is among the largest squamates in the world. American Bullfrog at In Thailand, all monitor lizards are protected species. But was that what actually happened? Size (total length) : up to 3 metres. The Malayan water monitor has a forked tongue like a snake's, and it uses this as an olfactory organ to track down carrion and small animals. It is one of the most common monitor lizards in Asia, ranging from Sri Lanka and coastal northeast India to Indochina, Malay Peninsula, and Indonesian islands where it lives close to water. Water monitors are common in rivers and mangrove. The black water monitor, V. s. komaini, from Thailand (type locality: Amphoe La-ngu, Satun Prov., Thailand, and Thai-Malaysian border area), was formerly a subspecies, but now is regarded as a synonym of V. s. macromaculatus. 5 feet: Average Lifespan: 11-25 Years: Population: Asian Water Monitor Characteristics: The Asian Water monitor is a large species of monitor lizard. Eventual photos shown in this page may or may not be from Wikipedia, please see the license details for photos in photo by-lines. throughout Southeast Asia in virtually all habitats including urban areas Fig 6:  Juvenile sunning itself on fallen leaves. Water monitors would enter the ground floor and eat or maim the domestic animals, also hence the other name dtua gin gai ( ‘chicken eater’). Photos below for this species are published under Creative Commons license, means completely free for download. The Asian water monitor, V. s. salvator, the nominate subspecies, is now restricted to Sri Lanka, where it is known as the kabaragoya (කබරගොයා) in Sinhala and kalawathan in Tamil. They can be found all over Singapore from offshore islands and forests to the city (Baker & Lim, 2012: 89). metre adult at Sungei Buloh, Singapore. Malayan Water Monitor (Varanus salvator) My second of several drawings featuring monitor lizards. Breeding maturity is attained for males when they are a relatively modest 40 cm long and weigh 1 kg, and for females at 50 cm. In Malaysia, this species is one of the most common wild animals around, with numbers comparable to that of the population of macaques there. Varanus salvator andamanensis, Paul E. Pieris Deraniyagala, 1944. Range: Common to Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Ombai (Alor), Wetar, and some neighbouring islands within the Sunda arch, Indonesia; the type locality is Java (designated by Mertens 1959). Water monitors are one of the most common monitor lizards found throughout Asia, and range from Sri Lanka and India to Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, and various islands of Indonesia, living in areas close to water. They feed on a variety of foods like crabs, snakes and fish. Breeding maturity is attained for males when they are a relatively modest 40 cm long and weigh 1 kg, and for females at 50 cm. Water monitors defend themselves using their tails, claws, and jaws. The water monitor is a large species of monitor lizard. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Thai National Parks, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Dibyendu Ash. Malayan Water Monitor. However, 80 males killed for the leather trade in Sumatra averaged only 3.42 kg and 56.6 cm snout-to-vent and 142 cm in total length; 42 females averaged only 3.52 kg and 59 cm snout-to-vent and 149.6 cm in total length, although unskinned outsized specimens weighed 16 to 20 kg. It is free to use this map on various media. Baby Spiny Neck Monitor $ 649.99 Add to cart. Varanus salvator bivittatus, Heinrich Kuhl, 1820, Common name: The two-striped water monitor. To add a new location to the range map we need a clear image of the specimen you have encountered. Fig 4 : Resting in the bough of a lakeside tree, Upper Seletar, In other areas they survive despite being hunted, in part as larger ones, including large females that breed large numbers of eggs, have tough skins that are not desirable. Traditionally, Thai villagers lived in two-story houses; the top floor was for living, while the ground floor was designed to be a space for domestic animals such as pigs, chickens, and dogs. distinguished from other monitors by the position of the nostrils Baby Peach Throat Monitor $ 449.99 Add to cart. Ziegler's water monitor, V. s. ziegleri, is from Obi Island. Swimming- Malayan Water monitors are very good swimmers, and they use this to their advantage by catching prey in the waters or escaping from predators. They are also eaten. In 2008, the Dumeril's monitor was rediscovered in … Adults rarely exceed 1.5 - 2 m in length, but the largest specimen on record, from Sri Lanka, measured 3.21 m. A common mature weight of V. salvator can be 19.5 kg. This common species occurs Family : VARANIDAE They are hunted for their skins, with as many as 1.5 million skins being exported per year to Europe, U.S., Japan for use in fashion goods. Their bodies are muscular, with long, powerful, laterally compressed tails. Range: Thailand (type locality: Amphoe La-ngu, Satun Prov., Thailand, and Thai-Malaysian border area), was formerly a subspecies, but now is regarded as a synonym of V. s. macromaculatus. This common species occurs Malayan Water Monitor, Common Water Monitor, Two-banded Monitor, Rice Lizard, Plain Lizard, Water Monitor: Category: Lizards: Size: Aproxx. The Southeast Asian water monitor, V. s. macromaculatus (type locality: Siam is found in mainland Southeast Asia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, and smaller associated offshore islands. It is particularly throughout Southeast Asia in virtually all habitats including urban areas They are excellent swimmers, using the raised fin on their tails to steer through water. Plot Summary | Add Synopsis The water monitor is occasionally confused with the crocodile monitor (V. salvadorii) because of their similar scientific names. Baby Mangrove Monitor $ 124.99 Add to cart. The two-striped water monitor, V. s. bivittatus, is common to Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Ombai (Alor), Wetar, and some neighbouring islands within the Sunda arch, Indonesia; the type locality is Java (designated by Mertens 1959). References : H1, H2. It is particularly In Indonesian and Malay, the water monitor is called biawak air, to differentiate it from the biawak pasir ("sand lizard"), Leiolepis belliana. Range: Andaman Islands; the type locality is Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Pen and Ink Print Available in three sizes: 5” x 7 (Matted size is 8” x 10) Open edition 8 x 10 Across vast stretches of Borneo lush rainforests have been felled for timber and land. Fig 8 : Huge adult, reaching nearly 3-metres, in mangrove habitat at Sungei The other two species, the clouded monitor lizard (Varanus nebulous), and the rarest Dumeril’s monitor (Varanus dumerilii) can grow to a length of 1 to 1.5m. other monitors by the position of the nostrils, which lie near the tip of Fig 7 : Strongly patterned adult at edge of swiftly-flowing, rocky river at Predation of an Adult Malaysian Water monitor (Varanus salvator macromaculatus) by an Estuarine Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). The Malayan Water Monitor is distinguished from Although it is most often encountered on the ground, it is adept at climbing trees and is also an expert swimmer. Our range maps are based on limited data we have collected. Baby Asian Water Monitor $ 124.99 Add to cart. Loss of habitat and hunting has exterminated water monitors from most of mainland India. The water monitor is a large species of monitor lizard. 11, 2016: Asian water monitor (Varanus salvator, commonly known as the water monitor; known as Malayan water monitor, Asian water monitor, common water monitor, two-banded monitor, and as rice lizard, ring lizard, plain lizard and no-mark lizard, as well as simply "water monitor") It can remain submerged The adult water monitor typically has a muscular brown-grey body with light patterning along the flank, and a pale underside. But remember, again; the map may not be accurate or complete. This article uses material from Wikipedia released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike Licence 3.0. The species is known as Malayan water monitor, Asian water monitor, common water monitor, two-banded monitor, and as rice lizard, ring lizard, plain lizard and no-mark lizard, as well as simply "water monitor". Adults rarely exceed 1.5 - 2 m in length, but the largest specimen on record, from Sri Lanka, measured 3.21 m. A common mature weight of V. salvator can be 19.5 … Baby Yellow Quince Monitor $ 449.99 Add to cart. In Sri Lanka, they are protected by locals who value their predation of "crabs that would otherwise undermine the banks of rice fields". In Thailand, the local word for a water monitor, hia (), is used as an insulting word for bad and evil things, including bad persons. common, however, in mangrove areas as it is a strong swimmer and it can Plot. Another monitor that can be found in Singapore is the clouded monitor, which is a forest species. A swim in the garden brings Leo and Hero up close and personal with a Malayan water monitor. monitor lizard among the three found in Singapore is the Malayan water monitor (Varanus salvator) that can grow up to 3m long. Special thanks to Ton Smits, Parinya Pawangkhanant, Ian Dugdale and many others for their contribution for range data. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported, Bang Pa In District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Bang Sai District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Doem Bang Nang Buat District, Suphan Buri, Kham Thale So District, Nakhon Ratchasima, Lat Bua Luang District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, © Thai National Parks, 2020 | T.A.T. found: Wikipedia, Apr. Varanus salvator komaini, Wirot Nutphand, 1987. However, they grow much larger throughout life, with males being larger than females. The word is also thought to bring bad luck, so some people prefer to call the animals 'silver-and-gold' () to avoid the jinx. Patterning may vary within different subspecies. Varanus salvator macromaculatus, Paul E. Pieris Deraniyagala, 1944, Common name: The Southeast Asian water monitor. Size (snout to vent) :  up to one metre It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. Varanus salvator salvator, Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti, 1768. Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons. The Junior Rangers set out to search for the monitor's home, but will their jeep survive a river crossing after a jeep float gets punctured? underwater for a considerable time. They feed on a variety of foods like crabs, snakes and fish. Remarks: Malayan water monitors are versatile and readily adapt to human modified environments. Water monitors have a characteristically long and narrow head and neck, and a long and laterally compressed tail. The species can survive where other large carnivores cannot, as they are cold-blooded (hence efficient). common monitor lizard among the three found in Singapore is the Malayan water monitor (Varanus salvator) that can grow up to 3m long common, however, in mangrove areas as it is a strong swimmer and it can Like the Komodo dragon, they will often eat carrion. Varanus cumingi, Varanus marmoratus, and Varanus nuchalis were classified as subspecies until 2007, when they were elevated to full species. Monitor They have also been known to eat turtles, as well as young crocodiles and crocodile eggs. Varanus salvator ziegleri, André Koch & Wolfgang Böhme, 2010. In Nepal it is a protected species in Chitwan National Park under the Wild Animals Protection Act of 2002. The Junior Rangers set out to search for the monitor's home, but will their jeep survive a … Malayan water monitor (Varanus salvator) Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. In Hong Kong, it is a protected species under Wild Animals Protection Ordinance Cap 170. In the east-coast states of Malaysia, this species is very common in roadkill. Species : Varanus salvator The Malayan water monitor lizard can grow up to 3 metres, so this monitor lizard probably hasn't hit its peak potential yet. It is smaller than the Malayan water monitor, has slit nostrils and is paler in colour. In their place have sprouted endless stretches of oil palm plantations. The Junior Rangers set out to search for the monitor’s home, but will their jeep survive a river crossing after a jeep float gets punctured? Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo. raider of bird's nests. No need to ask for our permission to publish these on various media. The Malayan Water Monitor is the second heaviest lizard in the world, and lurks in the rivers and deep swamps of Southeast Asia. Baby Caiman Lizard $ 399.99 Read more. No problem if you do not know the species, we will do our best to identify it for you. Buloh, Singapore. The lizard has backwards curving teeth, and is known to feed on…dead bodies. They are carnivores, and have a wide range of foods. Please help us improving our species range maps. Another study from the same area by the same authors similarly estimated mean body mass for mature specimens at 20 kg while yet another study found a series of adults to weigh 7.6 kg. They are the world's second-heaviest lizard, after the Komodo dragon. the snout. Malayan water monitor, Common water monitor, Two-banded monitor, Rice lizard, Ring lizard, Plain lizard, No-mark lizard, "water monitor", Kabaragoya (in Sri … It is also an agile climber, and a Storyline A swim in the garden brings Leo and Hero up close and personal with a Malayan water monitor. In exceptional cases, the species has been reported to attain 75 to 90 kg, though most such reports are unverified and may be unreliable. In places where they are tolerated, like at the Botanic Gardens, individuals can be quite bold. Although many fall prey to humans via roadkill and animal cruelty, they still thrive in most states of Malaysia, especially in the shrubs of the east-coast states such as Pahang and Terengganu. At a glance the photograph may have given the impression the Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) was zooming down towards the Malayan Water Monitor (Varanus salvator) on the ground below. 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